Epidemiology will continue to play a central role in preventing chronic diseases in the new millennium. It is the only field that can be used to evaluate the risks and benefits of prevention programs on a population basis. At present, we are extremely close to being able to apply the results of current clinical trials for the prevention of type 1 diabetes. However, the scientific and medical communities have not, as yet, begun to prepare for this important step. There are many unanswered questions regarding actual risk of disease, perceptions of risk, ethics, confidentiality, potential complications, costs, and insurance or employment discrimination based on genetic and autoantibody testing and the various approaches to intervention. We are in the position to be able to begin to address these issues based on current epidemiologic research. The translation of epidemiologic research, from the laboratory to the community, will help prepare individuals in our community to meet these challenges for type 1 diabetes and other chronic diseases in the years to come.
Was this article helpful?
All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.