The prevalence of type 1 diabetes in our Finnish patients with APECED is 18% (see Table 2), in contrast to 0.5% in the background population. Lower frequencies of 2-4% have been reported for patients from the United States and Italy (2,49), but the difference could be merely the result of patient selection (e.g., with respect to age). Of our 16 patients with diabetes, 14 were clinically considered to have type 1 diabetes. The
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Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...