The prevalence of type 1 diabetes in our Finnish patients with APECED is 18% (see Table 2), in contrast to 0.5% in the background population. Lower frequencies of 2-4% have been reported for patients from the United States and Italy (2,49), but the difference could be merely the result of patient selection (e.g., with respect to age). Of our 16 patients with diabetes, 14 were clinically considered to have type 1 diabetes. The
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