The overall incidence of cancer after transplantation is low (less than 1 to 2 percent). However, the risk still exists, so it's wise to know the possibilities:
^ The antirejection drugs increase your risk for cancer, especially a form called posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD). PTLD has the following characteristics:
• It's more common in patients under age 18.
• Caucasian males have a higher incidence than others.
• It can occur in a single site or multiple sites in the body.
• Treatment may require stopping the antirejection drugs.
^ Cervical cancer occurs more frequently after transplants and should be prevented by regular pelvic exams.
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