It was with good reason that T1DM used to be called "juvenile diabetes"; the vast majority of new cases are in teenagers and young adults, although the disease may occur at any age. One of the major reasons that T1DM is no longer called "juvenile diabetes," however, is that there's another diabetes on the block: Doctors are seeing more and more type 2 diabetes (T2DM; see Chapter 3) among the juvenile population. T2DM is a different disease requiring a different therapy. Also, doctors are recognizing many more cases of T1DM among the adult population. As many as 5 to 10 percent of cases of diabetes in adults previously thought to be type 2 may actually be type 1.
Of course, kids with T1DM grow up and become adults. But they still appear different from folks with T2DM, a disease that tends to affect overweight, sedentary people. Adults with T1DM usually are normal in weight and are physically active.
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All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.