In This Chapter
M iving with type 1 diabetes can be very challenging. You or your child will probably have to deal with the short-term complications of the disease that I present in this chapter. The idea is to minimize the frequency of these complications, and arming yourself with knowledge about the causes, symptoms, prevention, and treatment of these complications is a smart move.
One potential short-term complication of type 1 diabetes is low blood glucose, otherwise known as hypoglycemia. You may think that you wouldn't have to worry about this given that the problem that sent your child to the doctor in the first place was high blood glucose. Unfortunately, doctors don't yet have the tools to manage blood glucose perfectly, so in an effort to get as close to normal blood glucose levels as possible, which is known to prevent long-term complications of diabetes (see Chapter 5), doctors overshoot the mark on occasion and get levels too low. You find out how to prevent, recognize, and treat hypoglycemia in this chapter.
I also take up diabetic ketoacidosis (very high blood glucose) in this chapter. There are all kinds of events like trauma, infections, and severe stress that precipitate this condition, so you need to be able to recognize it and practice proper management of the diabetes before it occurs. But ketoacidosis is often unstoppable, which makes the hospital your next stop. Diabetic ketoacidosis isn't something you can treat yourself, so you need to know whether you or your child is getting the right treatment from doctors and specialists. I explain it all here.
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