The amount of carbohydrate in the diet plays a large role in a person's blood glucose level. As long as the percentage of carbohydrate in a meal is kept below 40 percent, the one-hour blood glucose will remain under 120 mg/dl. See Chapter 8 for the full scoop on eating carbohydrates.
Dividing your total daily calories over three meals and three snacks helps keep your blood sugar down. If you divide your total daily calories into 12 parts, you can eat X2 at each meal and X2 at each snack. Make sure that you take one of the snacks at bedtime to avoid overnight hypoglycemia.
Another important factor is the weight of the mother before pregnancy and the amount of weight gain during pregnancy. If the mother's weight is more than 134 times her ideal body weight (100 pounds for 5 feet of height plus 5 pounds for every inch over 5 feet) before the pregnancy, she should gain no more than 15 to 20 pounds during the pregnancy to avoid a large infant birth weight. If her weight is in the ideal range (the ideal weight plus or minus 10 percent), she should gain 20 to 25 pounds; if she's underweight, she should gain 25 to 30 pounds.
Figuring out how to manage your diet and weight during pregnancy can be daunting. Make use of the knowledge of a good dietitian who's a Certified Diabetes Educator. He or she can take you through what you need to know and be there when you have questions. See Chapter 2 for help in finding a diabetes educator.
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Many women who have recently given birth are always interested in attempting to lose some of that extra weight that traditionally accompanies having a baby. What many of these women do not entirely realize is the fact that breast-feeding can not only help provide the baby with essential vitamins and nutrients, but can also help in the weight-loss process.