Treating Hyperglycemia

The other diabetic emergency is hyperglycemia, or too much blood sugar. It is unpredictable, possibly deadly, and happens from time to time to all people with diabetes. This is more rare than hypoglycemia but still very dangerous. People with types 1 and 2 can suffer from it but react differently.

In type 1, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) occurs when people do not get enough insulin. The body believes it is starving and breaks down fat to get energy. This causes ketones to form in the blood, and if the body cannot release them through urine, they build up and poison the body. The body also becomes dehydrated because of frequent urination, which only increases the concentration of ketones. As ketones build up to dangerous levels, coma, shock, difficulty breathing, and death can result.

Symptoms usually come on slowly. The major DKA symptoms are dry mouth, terrible thirst, and frequent urination. Others include little appetite, blurry vision, vomiting or feeling sick to the stomach, fever, weakness, sleepiness, and fruity odor on the breath.

Someone who is hyperglycemic must have an injection of quick-acting insulin and drink lots of sugar-free liquids. If the condition does not improve rapidly, the person must seek emergency medical help. Sometimes, people who do not yet know they have type 2 diabetes can develop hyperglycemia. They and people already diagnosed with type 2 who experience this condition can have it for a long time without realizing it. Their glucose level can zoom to extremely high levels, which can lead to coma and death.

Hyperglycemia leads to a condition called HHS. It can happen to people who do not use insulin but take oral medicines. HHS symptoms are sleepiness or mental confusion, extreme thirst, no sweating, and warm skin. Also, the person will have high blood glucose levels. Seeking medical help is important when blood sugar levels are extremely high. The best way to avoid HHS is to check glucose levels at least once a day.

Managing diabetes is complicated and time-consuming, but it is necessary in order to avoid the terrible complications that can happen as a result of having this illness. Careful management includes blood glucose monitoring, insulin and sometimes other drugs, regular exercise, and a healthy diet. In addition, studies have shown that laughter and a positive attitude are good medicine for diabetes. Laughter has been found to lower glucose levels after eating. It also produces chemicals in the body that make people feel better in general, which helps make daily life easier and more pleasant.

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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