Gene Research

Both types 1 and 2 diabetes have their roots in a person's genes, which carry DNA, or the basic building blocks of an organism, from one generation to the next. Half of a person's genes come from the mother and half from the father, and human beings have tens of thousands of them. Genes determine if people have blue or brown or green eyes, how tall they are, if they go bald, if they have the potential to develop various illnesses, and so on.

To complicate matters, just because a person has a gene linked to a certain disease, that does not mean the person will eventually develop the disease. For instance, if someone has the genes related to type 2 diabetes but maintains a healthy weight and gets enough exercise throughout his or her life, the disease may never appear.

The study of genes is still very young, so scientists still have much to learn about the human genome, or the full collection

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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