38. Quoted in University of Maryland Medical Center, "University of Maryland Medical Center Performs Its First Islet Cell Transplant to Treat Type 1 Diabetes," May 16, 2002. www .umm.edu/news/releases/first_ic_transplant.htm.
39. Quoted in University of Maryland Medical Center, "University of Maryland Medical Center Performs Its First Islet Cell Transplant."
40. Quoted in Erin Allday, "13,000 in S.F. to Discuss Diabetes Treatments," San Francisco Chronicle, June 6, 2008. www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article. cgi?f=/c/a/2008/06/06/ MN9M113ARQ. DTL&tsp=1.
BMI: Body Mass Index, a measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to both adult men and women. The calculation for a person's BMI is body weight divided by height (in inches, squared). A BMI of 25-30 is considered overweight, and 30 and higher is obese.
cholesterol: A fatlike substance made by the body and found naturally in foods such as beef, eggs, and dairy products.
diabetic ketoacidosis: A dangerous medical condition in which ketones build up in the blood, which happens when the body is severely low in insulin. This occurs most often in people with type 1 diabetes.
gland: A bodily organ that produces chemical substances for use in the body. One example is the pancreas, which produces insulin.
glucagon: A hormone created in the pancreas that helps glyco-gen in the liver to break down to glucose.
glycogen: A substance stored in the body as carbohydrates.
hemoglobin: A red protein that carries oxygen in the blood of animals with backbones.
hyperglycemic: Too much glucose in the bloodstream.
hypoglycemic: Too little glucose in the bloodstream.
ketone: A compound produced when the body uses fats for energy. If they build up too high, the result can be diabetic ke-toacidosis.
neuropathy: A disease or dysfunction of the nerves outside the brain and spinal cord that makes part of the body weak or numb.
obesity: Having a high amount of body fat, making the person more than 20 percent overweight.
psyche: The human mind, soul, or spirit.
saturated fat: Fats often from animal sources that are considered to be less healthy.
trans fat: Solid fats created from oils by adding hydrogen, as in margarine. Considered to be the most unhealthy fat.
unsaturated fat: A fat that is liquid at room temperature, such as vegetable oils. Considered to be the healthiest fats.
Organizations to Contact
American Association of Diabetes Educators (AADE)
200 W. Madison Ave., Suite 800 Chicago, IL 60606
phone: (800) 338-3633 or (312) 424-2426 e-mail: [email protected]
AADE is a multidisciplinary organization of more than ten thousand health professionals dedicated to advocating quality diabetes education and care.
American Diabetes Organization
The American Diabetes Association is the nation's leading nonprofit health organization providing diabetes research, information, and advocacy. Founded in 1940, the American Diabetes Association conducts programs in all fifty states and the District of Columbia, reaching hundreds of communities. The mission of the association is to prevent and cure diabetes and to improve the lives of all people affected by diabetes.
American Dietetic Association (ADA)
The mission of the ADA is to promote optimal nutrition and well-being for all people by advocating for its members.
Children with Diabetes
5689 Chancery Pl. Hamilton, OH 45011
Web site: www.childrenwithdiabetes.com
The Children with Diabetes Web site is a leading destination on the Internet for families dealing with diabetes, a Web resource for parents of children with type 1 diabetes, and is dedicated to helping one find the information and support one needs and in caring for a child with diabetes.
Diabetes Exercise and Sports Association (DESA)
8001 Montcastle Dr.
Nashville, TN 37221
phone: (800) 898-4322
e-mail: [email protected]
Web site: www.diabetes-exercise.org
DESA exists to enhance the quality of life for people with diabetes through exercise and physical fitness.
Diabetes Hands Foundation
PO Box 61074 Palo Alto, CA 94306
Web site: http://diabeteshandsfoundation.org A social networking community, in both English and Spanish, for "people touched by diabetes."
Joslin Diabetes Center
One Joslin Pl. Boston, MA 02215 phone: (800) 567-5461
Affiliated with Harvard Medical School, Joslin Diabetes Center is the world's largest diabetes research center, diabetes clinic, and provider of diabetes education.
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International
120 Wall St.
Driven by the needs of people with diabetes, the mission of the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International is to find a cure for diabetes and its complications through the support of research. It works to accomplish this by finding and funding the best and most relevant research to help achieve a cure for this devastating disease through restoration of normal blood sugar levels, avoidance and reversal of complications, and prevention of diabetes and its recurrence.
For Further Reading
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Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...