Guidelines for a Healthy Diet

The 2005 Dietary Guidelines from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, sometimes called the new food pyramid, contain the latest scientific understanding of nutrition. People with diabetes can use the food pyramid to create a well-balanced and nutritious eating plan. These guidelines are based on science, and they recognize that all people have their own food needs according to their age and level of activity. For instance, a grown man who works in an office and does not exercise needs less food...

Good News About Diabetes

Fortunately, modern medicine has brought hope to many diabetics, or people with diabetes. Unlike in centuries past, the cause of diabetes is now well known, and many medicines and other treatments can help diabetics control their illness. Some diabetics must take insulin several times a day, but others do not. Diabetics must be careful with their nutrition and watch their weight, monitor their blood sugar frequently, and stay active, but they can often live energetic, productive lives as well....

Metabolic Syndrome

About 47 million adults in the United States have a group of risk factors, called metabolic syndrome, that can increase the chances of developing diabetes as well as heart disease and stroke. The five conditions, which must occur together to be considered metabolic syndrome, are Obesity in the abdomen, resulting in a body being apple-shaped. A higher than normal level of the fat in the blood called triglycerides. A lower than normal level of good cholesterol, called HDL (high density...

Monitoring Blood Sugar

Successfully treating diabetes requires different strategies for the various types, and people with the illness must do what is best for them within those strategies. But two things are crucial monitoring blood glucose levels and, in many cases, using insulin and perhaps other drugs. Even diabetics who are able to carefully control their glucose can experience a wide range in levels, depending on many variables such as what they have eaten, their activity and stress level, illness, and the...

Skipping Insulin for Weight Loss Can Be Deadly

A deadly trend has developed among some girls and young women with type 1 diabetes They skip insulin to lose weight. However, the results of this foolhardy practice can be life-threatening. The first effects of insulin skipping can be nausea, depression, and exhaustion that become worse over time. One young diabetic patient went blind and another suffered kidney failure as a result of avoiding their insulin. Other complications, including coma and death, can result. This behavior is common...

Living Well with Diabetes

Diabetes is an illness that can produce serious complications and potentially cause an early death. However, millions of people live with it every day, and live well. A type 1 diabetic herself as well as a researcher of diabetes, Sheri Colberg has spoken with thousands of people who have the illness. The ones who have the most success at managing their diabetes do not let it take over their lives. It is a challenge that definitely affects their lives, but like Colberg, they live life first and...

Chapter Four Living Well with Diabetes

Quoted in Anita Manning, Diabetes Is No Obstacle to a Long, Healthy Life, USA Today, November 14, 2007. www N.htm. 21. Quoted in Manning, Diabetes Is No Obstacle. 22. Colberg, telephone interview. 23. Linda Koehler, telephone interview with author, June 12, 2008. 24. Koehler, telephone interview. 25. Koehler, telephone interview. 26. Koehler, telephone interview. 27. Koehler, telephone interview. 28. Koehler, telephone interview. 29. Robert Mandell, telephone interview with author, June 14,...

Chapter Five The Future of Diabetes

Quoted in University of Maryland Medical Center, University of Maryland Medical Center Performs Its First Islet Cell Transplant to Treat Type 1 Diabetes, May 16, 2002. www 39. Quoted in University of Maryland Medical Center, University of Maryland Medical Center Performs Its First Islet Cell Transplant. 40. Quoted in Erin Allday, 13,000 in S.F. to Discuss Diabetes Treatments, San Francisco Chronicle, June 6, 2008. www.sfgate.com cgi-bin article. cgi f c a 2008 06 06 MN9M113ARQ. DTL& tsp...

Symptoms of Type Diabetes

When the human body senses that something is not working right, it will try to find a way to fix the problem. When the body cannot absorb all the glucose traveling in the bloodstream, it pulls the extra sugar, along with water, out of the blood and puts it in the urine. Then it gets eliminated in large quantities, many times day and night. This means a person with type 1 diabetes will have to urinate a lot. Then, as a person with diabetes continues to urinate too much, the body loses water and...

The Future of Diabetes

I erhaps because so many more people are developing diabetes today than in the past, the search for ways to better control it, even to cure it, is being pushed even harder. In recent years diabetes care has improved tremendously because of ongoing research, new medicines, and increased knowledge about how to manage it. In addition, many people with diabetes now receive not only better medical care but counseling and emotional support not available in the past. What does the future hold for...

Diabetes Self Management Education and Support

Once Colberg was old enough to understand her diabetes, she was afraid she would die at a young age from its complica-tions that is what the medical literature of the 1970s and 1980s told her. Today, those fears are gone. New research has brightened the picture and vastly improved the lives of people with diabetes, yet this diagnosis is still frightening and confusing. Diabetes is a serious, chronic disease that can lead to terrible complications. Therefore, it is important that newly diagnosed...

Two Other Types of Diabetes

Researchers and doctors now have a name for the kind of diabetes that combines qualities of both types 1 and 2 diabetes. Adults who are diagnosed with diabetes, but are not overweight, have very little resistance to insulin and do not immediately need insulin treatment. They are said to have Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA), or type 1.5 diabetes. Sometimes people who are first thought to have type 2 are later found to have type 1.5. About 15 percent of diabetics have this type. The...

Reasons for the Diabetes Epidemic

The reason so many children and adults now live with diabetes or face its threat in the future is because of another epidemic now under way in the United States being seriously overweight. By far the largest cause for the alarming upswing in the number of diabetes cases is the upsurge of obesity that has hit adults and children alike in the United States. Obesity is the fastest-growing cause of disease and death in America today,7 according to Richard Carmona, the former surgeon general of the...

Can Sugar Cause Diabetes

Many people have the mistaken idea that eating too much sugar causes diabetes. Since diabetes used to be called Sugar Disease and is so closely linked with the blood sugar called glucose, it is easy to see the reason for this mistake. But evidence shows that simply eating lots of sugar does not cause diabetes. According to family practitioner John Messmer, A much bigger problem is that people are substituting refined sugar for fresh food and consuming sugary foods rather than whole grains,...

Nicole Johnson Baker

Today, diabetes does not have to stop people from doing much of anything. With proper planning and care, combined with the exciting new medical technology available, a person with diabetes can follow his or her dreams, even all the way to a crown, as Nicole Johnson Baker did. When Baker was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at age nineteen in 1993, she had no idea she would later be crowned Miss America in 1999. In fact, her doctors warned her against competing in the pageant because they said the...

Native Americans Returning to Traditional Diet to Combat Diabetes

Native Americans have the highest rates of diabetes in the United States. To become healthy again, many tribes are returning to eating their traditional diets instead of the highly processed foods many of their people eat. The Oneida Nation, near Green Bay, Wisconsin, has created an organic farm, orchards with thirty-seven varieties of apples, and a cannery. They began raising a herd of buffalo for their meat, which is leaner and healthier than beef. The Oneida Indian Nation Health Department...

Tissue Engineering

Tissue engineering is an amazing process that scientists recently developed to help replace damaged parts of the body. Someday they hope to be able to grow various organs, even hearts and lungs, in the lab for people who need transplants. However, tissue engineering is still very new, and skin is about the only body part that so far can be successfully engineered in a lab for use in humans. Engineered skin is made by taking skin cells from a person who, for instance, has suffered severe burns...

Books

Jean Betschart-Roemer, Type 2 Diabetes in Teens Secrets for Success. New York John Wiley & Sons, 2002. This book for teens with type 2 diabetes was written to help them and their families understand the illness and how to cope with it. It has a special section of tips and suggestions for parents. Sheri Colberg and Steven V. Edelman, 50 Secrets of the Longest Living People with Diabetes. Cambridge, MA Marlowe Da Capo, December 2007. Written by two experts in the field of diabetes and who both...

Chapter One What Is Diabetes

Quoted in Greg Critser, Fat Land How Americans Became the Fattest People in the World. New York Mariner, 2004. 7. Richard H. Carmona, prepared remarks delivered at American Enterprise Institute Obesity Conference, June 10, 2003. 003.htm. 9. Richard H. Carmona, telephone interview by author, April 19, 2004. 10. Quoted in Daniel Trecroci, Mark Consuelos Encourages Type 2s and Their Loved Ones to Take 'Diabetes Freedom' Pledge, Diabetes Health, November 1, 2005. www.diabetes 11. Becky Allen, The...

Space Age Implantable Insulin Pumps

In 1986 Sam Zaccari, now almost seventy, had one of the first implantable insulin pumps surgically placed inside his body. In 1998 he said, It's wonderful because without this technology that we got today I wouldn't have the control I have and maybe I might not be here. Zaccari's insulin pump, made of titanium, was developed in part from the technology of the mechanical robot arm of the first space probe sent to Mars. The pump had a similar design to the portion of the arm the Viking spacecraft...