In the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study (15), 522 patients with IGT and a mean BMI of 31 kg/m2 were evaluated. A control group was compared with a lifestyle-changes group with the same exercise as the Diabetes Prevention Study and similar fat- and calorie-restricted diets, with a fiber intake of at least 15 g/1000 cal. Once again, a 58% relative risk reduction was seen. The number of patients needed to treat to prevent diabetes was 22 for 1 year and five for 5 years with this study.
Was this article helpful?