References

1. Haffner SM, Miettinen H, Gaskill SP, Stern MP. Decreased insulin action and insulin secretion predict the development of impaired tolerance. Diabetologia 1996; 39:1201-7.

2. Tripathy D, Carlsson M, Almgren P, et al. Insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity in relation to glucose tolerance. Lessons from the Bothnia study. Diabetes 2000; 49:975-80.

3. Pratley RE, Weyer C. The role of impaired early insulin secretion in the pathogenesis of type II diabetes mellitus. Diabetologia 2001; 44:929-45.

4. Gerich JE. Is insulin resistance the principal cause of type II diabetes? Diabet Obes Metab 1999; 1:257-63.

5. UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) Group. Intensive blood-glucose control with sulphonylur-eas or insulin compared with conventional treatment and risk of complications in patients with type II diabetes (UKPDS 33). Lancet 1998; 352:837-53.

6. Smidt N, Barzilay J, Shaffer D, et al. Fasting and 2-hour postchallenge serum glucose measures and risk of incident cardiovascular events in the elderly. The Cardiovascular Health Study. Arch Intern Med 2002; 162:209-16.

7. de Vegt F, Dekker JM, Ruhe HG, et al. Hyperglycaemia is associated with all cause and cardiovascular mortality in the Hoorn population: the Hoorn Study. Diabetologia 1999; 42:926-31.

8. Hanefeld M, Schmechel H, Schwanebeck U, Lindner J. [The DIS-Group]. Predictors of coronary heart disease and death in NIDDM: the Diabetes Intervention Study experience. Diabetologia 1997; 40:123-4.

9. DECODE Study group on behalf of the European Diabetes Epidemiology Study Group. Glucose tolerance and mortality: comparison of WHO and American Diabetic Association diagnostic criteria. Lancet 1999; 354:617-21.

10. Leiter LA, Ceriello A, Davidson JA, et al. International Prandial Glucose Regulation (PGR) Study Group. Postprandial glucose regulation: new data and new implications. Clin Ther 2005; 27(Suppl. 2): S42-56.

11. Temelkova-Kurktschiev T, Koehler C, Henkel E, Hanefeld M. Leukocyte count and fibrinogen are associated with carotid and femoral intima-media thickness in a risk population for diabetes. Cardiovasc Res 2002; 56:277-83.

12. Goke B, Herrmann C, Goke R, et al. Intestinal effects of alpha-glucosidase inhibitors: absorption of nutrients and enterohormonal changes. Eur J Clin Invest 1994; 24(Suppl. 3):25-30.

13. Schmidt DD, Frommer W, Junge B, et al. Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors. New complex oligosaccharides of microbial origin. Naturwissenschaften 1977; 64:535-6.

14. Puls W, Keup U, Krause HP, et al. Glucosidase inhibition. A new approach to the treatment of diabetes, obesity and hyperlipoproteinemia. Naturwissenschaften 1977; 64:536-7.

15. Puls W. Pharmacology of glucosidase inhibitors Oral Antidiabet 1996; 119:497-525.

16. Krause HP, Ahr HJ. Pharmacokinetics and metabolism of glucosidase inhibitors. In: Kuhlmann J, Puls W, eds. Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology: Oral Antidiabetics, vol. 119. Berlin: Springer, 1996:541-5.

17. Taylor R, Bardolph E. Clinical evaluation of glucosidase inhibitors. Oral Antidiabet 1996; 119: 633-46.

18. Junge B, Matzke M, Stoltefuss J. Chemistry and structure-activity relationships of glucosidase inhibitors. In: Kuhlmann J, Puls W, eds. Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology: Oral Antidiabetics, vol. 119. Berlin: Springer, 1996:541-5.

19. Joubert PH, Venter HL, Foukaridis GN. The effect of miglitol and acarbose after an oral glucose load: a novel hypoglycaemic mechanism. Br J Clin Pharmacol 1990; 30:391-6.

20. Caspary WF. Sucrose malabsorption in men after ingestion of alpha-glucosidase hydrolase inhibitor. Lancet 1978; i:1231-3.

21. Holt RR, Atillasoy E, Lindenbaum J, et al. Effects of acarbose on fecal nutrients, colonic pH, and short chain fatty acids and rectal proliferative indices. Metabolism 1996; 45:1179-87.

22. Toeller M. Modulation of intestinal glucose absorption: postponement of glucose absorption by alpha-glucosidase inhibitors. In: Mogensen CE, Standl E, eds. Pharmacology of Diabetes. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1991:93-112.

23. May C. Efficacy and tolerability of step wise increasing dosage of acarbose in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes (NIDDM) treated with sulfonylureas. Diabetes Stoffwechsel 1995; 4:3-7.

24. Caspary WF, Lembke B, Creutzfeldt W. Inhibition of human intestinal alpha-glucoside hydrolase activity by acarbose and clinical consequences. In: Creutzfeldt W, ed. Proceedings First International Symposium on Acarbose, Montreux, October 1981. Amsterdam: Excerpta Medica, 1981:27-37.

25. Chiasson JL, Josse RG, Gomis R, et al. For the STOP-NIDDM trial research group. Acarbose can prevent the progression of impaired glucose tolerance to type 2 diabetes mellitus: the STOP-NIDDM trial. Lancet 2002; 359:2072-7.

26. Mertes G. Safety and efficacy of acarbose in the treatment of type 2 diabetes: data from 5-year surveillance study. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2001; 2:193-204.

27. Chiasson JL, Josse RG, Leiter LA, et al. The effect of acarbose on insulin sensitivity in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. Diabetes Care 1996; 19:1190-3.

28. Laube H, Linn T, Heyen P. The effects of acarbose on insulin sensitivity and proinsulin in overweight subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 1998; 106:231-3.

29. Shinozaki K, Suzuki M, Ikebuchi M, et al. Improvement of insulin sensitivity and dyslipidemia with a new alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, voglibose, in non-diabetic hyperinsulinemic subjects. Metabolism 1996; 45:731-7.

30. Schnack C, Prager RJF, Winkler J, et al. Effect of 8 week a-glucosidase inhibition on metabolic control, C-peptide secretion, hepatic glucose output and peripheral insulin sensitivity in poorly controlled type 2 diabetic patients. Diabetes Care 1989; 12:537-43.

31. Calle-Pascal A, Garcia-Honduvilla J, Martin Alvarez PJ, et al. Influence of 16-week monotherapy with acarbose on cardiovascular risk factors in obese subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: a controlled, double-blind comparison study with placebo. Diabetes Metab 1996; 22:201-2.

32. Meneilly G, Ryan EA, Radziuk J, et al. Effect of acarbose on insulin sensitivity in elderly patients with diabetes. Diabetes Care 2000; 23:1162-7.

33. Hillebrand I, Boehme K, Frank G, et al. Effects of the glycoside hydrolase inhibitor (BAY g 5421) on post-prandial blood glucose, serum insulin and triglycerides levels in man. In: Creutzfeldt, ed. Frontiers of Hormone Research: The Entero-Insular Axis. Basel: Karger, 1979; 7:290-1.

34. Hanefeld M, Fischer S, Schulze, et al. Therapeutic potentials of acarbose as first-line drug in NIDDM insufficiently treated with diet alone. Diabetes Care 1991; 14:732-7.

35. Hanefeld M, Haffner SM, Menschikowski M, et al. Different effects of acarbose and glibenclamide on proinsulin and insulin profiles in people with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2002; 55:221-7.

36. Leboritz HE. A-glucosidase inhibitors as agents in the treatment of diabetes. Diabetes Rev 1998; 6: 132-45.

37. Qualmann C, Nauck MA, Hoist JJ, et al. Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) [17-36 amide] secretion in response to luminal sucrose from the upper and lower gut: a study using a-glucosidase inhibition (acarbose). Scand J Gastroenterol 1995; 30:892-6.

38. Goke B, Fuder H, Wieckhorst G, et al. Voglibose is an efficient alpha-glucosidase inhibitor and mobilize the endogenous GLP-1 reserve. Digestion 1995; 56:493-501.

39. Goke B, Herrmann C, Goke R, et al. Intestinal effects of alpha-glucosidase inhibitors: absorption of nutrients and enterohormonal changes. Fur Clin Invest 1994; 24(Suppl. 3):25-30.

40. Holman RR, Turner RC, Cull CA, et al. A randomised double-blind trial of acarbose in type 2 diabetes shows improved glycemic control over 3 years (UK Prospective Diabetes Study 44). Diabetes Care 1999; 22:960-4.

41. Wolever TMS, Chiasson JL, Josse RG, et al. Small weight loss on long-term acarbose therapy with no change in dietary pattern or nutrient intake of individuals with non-insulin-dependent diabetes. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 1997; 21:756-63.

42. Leonardt W, Hanefeld M, Fischer S, et al. Beneficial effects on serum lipids in noninsulin-dependent diabetics by acarbose treatment. Arzt Forschung 1991; 41:735-8.

43. Shinoda Y, Inoue I, Nakano T, et al. Acarbose improves fibrinolytic activity in patients with impaired glucose tolerance. Metabolism 2006; 55:935-9.

44. Hanefeld M, Cagatay M, Petrowitsch T, Neuser D, Petzinna D, Rupp M. Acarbose reduces the risk for myocardial infarction in type 2 diabetic patients: meta-analysis of seven long-term studies. Eur Heart J 2004; 25:10-6.

45. Johnston PS, Feig PU, Coniff RF, et al. Chronic treatment of African-American type 2 diabetes patients with type 2 diabetic patients with alpha-glucosidase inhibition. Diabetes Care 1998; 21:416-21.

46. Rachmani R, Bar-Dayan Y, Ronen Z, Levi Z, Slavachevsky I, Ravid M. The effect of acarbose on insulin resistance in obese hypertensive subjects with normal glucose tolerance: a randomized controlled study. Diabetes Obes Metab 2004; 6:63-8.

47. Coniff RF, Shapiro JA, Robbins D, et al. Reduction in glycosylated hemoglobin and postprandial hyperglycemia by acarbose in patients with NIDDM: a placebo-controlled dose comparison study. Diabetes Care 1995; 18:817-24.

48. Fischer S, Hanefeld M, Spengler M, et al. European study on dose-response relationship of acarbose as a first-line drug in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: efficacy and safety of low and high doses. Acta Diabetol 1998; 35:34-40.

49. Rybka J, Goke B, Sissmann. European comparative study of 2 a-glucosidase inhibitors, miglitol and acarbose [abstract]. Diabetes 1999; 44(Suppl. 1):101.

50. Hoffmann J, Spengler M. Efficacy of 24-week monotherapy with acarbose, metformin or placebo in dietary-treated NIDDM patients: the Essen II Study. Am J Med 1997; 103:483-90.

51. Hoffmann J, Spengler M. Efficacy of 24-week monotherapy with acarbose, glibenclamide, or placebo in NIDDM patients. The Essen study. Diabetes Care 1994; 17:561-6.

52. Coniff RF, Shapiro JA, Seaton TB, Bray GA. Multicenter, placebo-controlled trial comparing acarbose with placebo, tolbutamide and tolbutamide-plus-acarbose in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Am J Med 1998; 98:443-51.

53. Hofmann J, Spengler M. Efficacy of 24-week monotherapy with acarbose, metformin, or placebo in dietary-treated NIDDM patients: the Essen-II-Study. Am J Med; 103:483-90.

54. Chiasson JL, Josse RG, Hunt JA, et al. The efficacy of acarbose in the treatment of patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: a multicenter controlled clinical trial. Ann Intern Med 1994; 121:928-35.

55. Chiasson JL, Naditch L and The Miglitol Canadian University Investigator Group. The synergistic effect of miglitol plus metformin combination therapy in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 2001; 24:989-94.

56. Hanefeld M, Bar K. Effizienz und Sicherheit der Kombinationsbehandlung von IT type 2-Diabetikern mit Acarbose und Metformin. Diabetes Stoff 1998; 7:186-90.

57. Rosak C, Hofmann U, Paulwitz O. Modification of beta-cell response to different postprandial blood glucose concentrations by prandial repaglinide and combined acarbose/repaglinide application. Diabetes Nutr Metab 2004; 17:137-42.

58. Kelley DE, Schimel D, Bidot P, et al. Efficacy and safety of acarbose in insulin-treated patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 1998; 21:2056-61.

59. Dimitriadis G, Hatziagellki E, Alexopoulos E, et al. Effects of a-glucosidase inhibition on meal glucose-tolerance and timing of insulin administration in patients with type I diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care 1991; 14:393-8.

60. Hollander P, Pi-Sunyer X, Coniff RF. Acarbose in the treatment of type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care 1997; 20:248-53.

61. Ceriello A, Taboga C, Tonutti L, et al. Post-meal coagulation activation in diabetes mellitus: the effect of acarbose. Diabetologia 1996; 39:469-73.

62. Schafer A, Widder J, Eigenthaler M, Bischoff H, Ertl G, Bauersachs J. Increased platelet activation in young Zucker rats with impaired glucose tolerance is improved by acarbose. Thromb Haemost 2004; 92:97-103.

63. Frantz S, Calvillo L, Tillmanns J, et al. Repetitive postprandial hyperglycemia increases cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury: prevention by the alpha-glucosidase inhibitor acarbose. FASEB J 2005; 19:591-3.

64. Wascher TC, Schmoelzer I, Wiegratz A, et al. Reduction of postchallenge hyperglycaemia prevents acute endothelial dysfunction in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. Eur J Clin Invest 2005; 35: 551-7.

65. Chiasson JL, Josse RG, Gomis R, Hanefeld M, Karasik A, Laakso M, STOP-NIDDM Trial Research Group. Acarbose treatment and the risk of cardiovascular disease and hypertension in patients with impaired glucose tolerance: the STOP-NIDDM trial. JAMA 2003; 290:486-94.

66. Mertes G. Efficacy and safety of acarbose in the treatment of type 2 diabetes: data from a 2-year surveillance study. Diab Res Clin Pract 1998; 40:63-70.

67. Hollander PA. Safety profile of acarbose and alpha glucosidase inhibitor. Drugs 1992; 44(Suppl. 3): 47-53.

68. Gentile S, Turco S, Guarino G, et al. Aminotransferase activity and acarbose treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 1999; 22:12-7.

69. Ben-Am H, Krivo N, Nagachandran P, et al. Interaction between digoxin and acarbose. Diabetes Care 1999; 22:860-1.

70. Scheen AJ, Ferreira Alves de Megalheas AC, Salvatore T, et al. Reduction of the acute bioavailability of metformin by the a-glucosidase inhibitor acarbose in normal man. Eur J Clin Invest 1994; 24 (Suppl. 3):50-4.

71. Hanefeld M, Fischer S, Julius U, et al. and the DIS Group. Risk factors for myocardial infarction and death in newly detected NIDDM: the Diabetes Intervention Study, 11-year follow-up. Diabetologia 1996; 39:1577-83.

72. Temelkova-Kurktschiev T, Kohler C, Henkel E, et al. Post-challenge plasma glucose and glycemic spikes are more strongly associated with atherosclerosis than fasting glucose or HbA1c level. Diabetes Care 2000; 23:1830-4.

73. Drent ML. Miglitol as single oral hypoglycemic agent in type 2 diabetes [abstract]. Diabetologia 1994; 37(Suppl. 1):211.

Delicious Diabetic Recipes

Delicious Diabetic Recipes

This brilliant guide will teach you how to cook all those delicious recipes for people who have diabetes.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment