Nonpharmacological Treatment Of Hypertension In Diabetic Patients

The goal of treating hypertension in patients with diabetes mellitus is to prevent associated morbidity and mortality. Lifestyle modification, including weight management, diet, salt reduction, moderation of alcohol intake, increased physical activity and smoking cessation are the cornerstones of therapy. Weight loss in overweight individuals can improve control of both hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Many studies have shown that even modest reduction of body weight can improve BP and glycemic control. Reduction in weight may be associated with BP reductions because of reduction of insulin levels, sympathetic nervous system activity, and vascular resistance.

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