The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing rapidly in many countries (1-3). As there is currently no cure for diabetes, all measures that could contribute to prevention or treatment of the metabolic disturbances that precede or characterize the disease should be exploited. The important role of nutritional modifications in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes is now well recognized (4-7).

Most persons with type 2 diabetes are overweight and/or insulin-resistant. Many of them also have dyslipidemia and hypertension, both of which are frequently present before type 2 diabetes is diagnosed. Nutritional intervention should therefore be started early enough to achieve the benefits that can be expected from medical nutritional treatment. This chapter describes the potential of nutritional measures to prevent or treat type 2 diabetes mellitus and its complications. These measures are based on the best available evidence derived from scientific literature and clinical experience from expert groups (8-11).

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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