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Never Former 1-14 smoked smoker Cigarettes Cigarettes Current smoker

FIGURE 4 Relative risk of type 2 diabetes among 84,941 women in the Nurses' Health Study, 1980 to 1996. Source: From Ref. 39.

Never Former 1-14 smoked smoker Cigarettes Cigarettes Current smoker

FIGURE 4 Relative risk of type 2 diabetes among 84,941 women in the Nurses' Health Study, 1980 to 1996. Source: From Ref. 39.

consistent. Meyer et al. (44) studied the relation between dietary fatty acids and diabetes in a prospective cohort study of 35,988 older women who initially did not have diabetes. Altogether 1890 new cases of diabetes occurred during 11 years of follow-up. Diabetes risk was negatively associated with dietary polysaturated fatty acids, vegetable fat, and trans fatty acids. Even after adjustment for confounding factors vegetable fat remained a significant predictor of new diabetes. Many studies show that high coffee consumption may protect from type 2 diabetes (45).

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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