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Abbreviations: DM, diabetes mellitus; IGT, impaired glucose tolerance. Source: From Ref. 23.

Abbreviations: DM, diabetes mellitus; IGT, impaired glucose tolerance. Source: From Ref. 23.

Diagnosed diabetes

□ Undiagnosed diabetes

□ Impaired fasting glucose ra to ¿

Diagnosed diabetes

□ Undiagnosed diabetes

□ Impaired fasting glucose

Non-Hispanic Non-Hispanic Mexican white black American

FIGURE 1 Age-standardized prevalence of diagnosed and underdiagnosed diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in the U.S. population >20 years of age, presented according to sex and racial or ethnic group, based on NHANES III. Abbreviation: NHANES, National Health and Nutrition Survey. Source: From Ref. 25.

Non-Hispanic Non-Hispanic Mexican white black American

Non-Hispanic Non-Hispanic Mexican white black American

Women

FIGURE 1 Age-standardized prevalence of diagnosed and underdiagnosed diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in the U.S. population >20 years of age, presented according to sex and racial or ethnic group, based on NHANES III. Abbreviation: NHANES, National Health and Nutrition Survey. Source: From Ref. 25.

Epidemic of type 2 diabetes is determined not only by an increase in the incidence but also by mortality rates. Although cardiovascular complications in nondiabetic subjects have significantly reduced in the United States during the last decades this is not the case in diabetic patients, particularly among women, as shown recently by Gu et al. (28). No reliable data on mortality rates are available from populations living in developing countries.

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