Concluding Remarks

In the next 20 years we will face a global epidemic of type 2 diabetes. Although the new cases of diabetes depend somewhat on the glucose criteria used to define diabetes, there has already been a true increase in the incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes. With increasing prevalence of obesity worldwide the epidemic of type 2 has emerged, and an "epidemic" of diabetes-related cardiovascular disease will follow (55). Incidence of diabetes in a population is tightly linked to the average weight of that population. Type 2 diabetes does not only cause micro- and macrovascular complications, excess mortality and morbidity, but it is also an expensive health problem. Therefore, socioeconomic, behavioral, nutritional, and public health issues relating to the epidemic of obesity and type 2 diabetes should be addressed. Furthermore, more funds are needed for continuing research aiming to reveal the unsolved issues in the pathophysiology and genetics of type 2 diabetes. Extremely important areas of research will be the identification of the genes responsible for the predisposition to type 2 diabetes, and the identification of environmental factors, which bring out this predisposition. Once these issues have been solved we will better understand the "epidemic" of type 2 diabetes, and target our nonpharmacological and pharmacological treatment modalities more effectively to prevent this continuously growing health problem and its devastating complications.

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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