Precautions regarding alcohol intake that apply to the general population also apply to people with type 2 diabetes. If persons with diabetes choose to drink alcohol, intake should be no more than 10g/day for adult women and 20g/day for adult men. This corresponds to approximately one or two small drinks of wine or beer per day (8,9). The cardioprotective effect of alcohol appears not to be determined by the type of the alcoholic beverages consumed. However, alcohol is an important energy source in overweight persons with type 2 diabetes, and alcohol consumption can be associated with raised blood pressure and hypertriglyceridemia. In individuals with diabetes, chronic intake of moderate amounts (5-15 g/day) of alcohol was associated with a decreased risk of coronary heart disease. However, conversely, a strong association between excessive habitual intake (> 30-60 g/day) of alcohol and raised blood pressure was found in both men and women (62).

Alcohol can have both hypoglycemic and hyperglycemic effects in people with diabetes, depending on the amount of alcohol acutely ingested. In studies where alcoholic beverages were consumed with carbohydrate-containing food by people with diabetes, no acute effects were seen on blood glucose or insulin levels. Alcohol should therefore be consumed with food to reduce the risk of hypoglycemia and persons with diabetes are advised not to omit food when choosing to drink a moderate amount of alcoholic beverages (8,9).

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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