References

1. Bolton CF, Winkelmann RK, Dyck PJ. A quantitative study of Meissner's corpuscles in man. Neurology 1966;16(1):1-9.

2. Dyck PJ, Winkelmann RK, Bolton CF. Quantitation of Meissner's corpuscles in hereditary neurologic disorders. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Roussy-Levy syndrome, Dejerine-Sottas disease, hereditary sensory neuropathy, spinocerebellar degenerations, and hereditary spastic paraplegia. Neurology 1966;16(1):7-10.

3. Dalsgaard CJ, Rydh M, Haegerstrand A. Cutaneous innervation in man visualized with protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5) antibodies. Histochemistry 1989;92(5):385-390.

4. Kennedy WR, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Brelje TC. Innervation and vasculature of human sweat glands: an immunohistochemistry-laser scanning confocal fluorescence microscopy study. J Neurosci 1994;14(11 Pt 2):6825-6833.

5. Nolano M, Provitera V, Crisci C, et al. Quantification of myelinated endings and mechanoreceptors in human digital skin. Ann Neurol 2003;54(2):197-205.

6. Lombardi R, Erne B, Lauria G, et al. IgM deposits on skin nerves in anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein neuropathy. Ann Neurol 2005;57(2):180-187.

7. McArthur JC, Stocks EA, Hauer P, Cornblath DR, Griffin JW. Epidermal nerve fiber density:normative reference range and diagnostic efficiency. Arch Neurol 1998;55(12): 1513-1520.

8. Kennedy WR, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Polydefkis M, McArthur JC. Pathology and quantitation of cutaneous innervation, in Peripheral Neuropathy. (Dyck PJ, Thomas PK, eds.) Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia, 2005, pp. 869-897.

9. Holland NR, Stocks A, Hauer P, Cornblath DR, Griffin JW, McArthur JC. Intraepidermal nerve fiber density in patients with painful sensory neuropathy. Neurology 1997;48(3):708-711.

10. Polydefkis M, Yiannoutsos C, Cohen B, et al. Reduced intraepidermal nerve fiber density in HIV-associated sensory neuropathy. Neurology 2002; in press.

11. Rowbotham MC, Yosipovitch G, Connolly MK, Finlay D, Forde G, Fields HL. Cutaneous innervation density in the allodynic form of postherpetic neuralgia. Neurobiol Dis 1996;3(3):205-214.

12. Kennedy WR, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Johnson T. Quantitation of epidermal nerves in diabetic neuropathy. Neurology 1996;47(4):1042-1048.

13. Silos-Santiago I, Molliver DC, Ozaki S, et al. Non-TrkA-expressing small DRG neurons are lost in TrkA deficient mice. J Neurosci 1995;15(9):5929-5942.

14. Kennedy WR, Nolano M, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Johnson TL, Tamura E. A skin blister method to study epidermal nerves in peripheral nerve disease. Muscle Nerve 1999;22(3):360-371.

15. Kennedy WR, Wendelschafer-Crabb G. The innervation of human epidermis. J Neurol Sci 1993;115(2):184-190.

16. McCarthy BG, Hsieh ST, Stocks A, et al. Cutaneous innervation in sensory neuropathies: evaluation by skin biopsy. Neurology 1995;45(10):1848-1855.

17. Lauria G, Borgna M, Morbin M, et al. Tubule and neurofilament immunoreactivity in human hairy skin: markers for intraepidermal nerve fibers. Muscle Nerve 2004;30(3): 310-316.

18. Polydefkis M, Hauer P, Sheth S, Sirdofsky M, Griffin JW, McArthur JC. The time course of epidermal nerve fibre regeneration: studies in normal controls and in people with diabetes, with and without neuropathy. Brain 2004;127(Pt 7):1606-1615.

19. Lauria G, Morbin M, Borgna M, et al. Vanilloid receptor (VR1) expression in human peripheral nervous system. J Periph Nerv Sys 2003;8(S1):1-78.

20. Herrmann DN, Griffin JW, Hauer P, Cornblath DR, McArthur JC. Epidermal nerve fiber density and sural nerve morphometry in peripheral neuropathies. Neurology 1999;53(8): 1634-1640.

21. Kennedy WR, Said G. Sensory nerves in skin: answers about painful feet? Neurology 1999;53(8):1614-1615.

22. Levy DM, Terenghi G, Gu XH, Abraham RR, Springall DR, Polak JM. Immunohistochemical measurements of nerves and neuropeptides in diabetic skin: relationship to tests of neurological function. Diabetologia 1992;35(9):889-897.

23. Brown MJ, Martin JR, Asbury AK. Painful diabetic neuropathy. A morphometric study. Arch Neurol 1976;33(3):164-171.

24. Hsieh ST, Chiang HY, Lin WM. Pathology of nerve terminal degeneration in the skin. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 2000;59(4):297-307.

25. Pan CL, Tseng TJ, Lin YH, Chiang MC, Lin WM, Hsieh ST. Cutaneous innervation in Guillain-Barre syndrome: pathology and clinical correlations. Brain 2003;126(Pt 2): 386-397.

26. Lauria G, Morbin M, Lombardi R, et al. Axonal swellings predict the degeneration of epidermal nerve fibers in painful neuropathies. Neurology 2003;61(5):631-636.

27. Shun CT, Chang YC, Wu HP, et al. Skin denervation in type 2 diabetes: correlations with diabetic duration and functional impairments. Brain 2004;127(Pt 7):1593-1605.

28. Sustained effect of intensive treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus on development and progression of diabetic nephropathy:the Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (EDIC) study. Jama 2003;290(16):2159-2167.

29. Singleton JR, Smith AG, Bromberg MB. Increased prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance in patients with painful sensory neuropathy. Diabetes Care 2001;24(8): 1448-1453.

30. Singleton JR, Smith AG, Bromberg MB. Painful sensory polyneuropathy associated with impaired glucose tolerance. Muscle Nerve 2001;24(9):1225-1228.

31. Sumner CJ, Sheth S, Griffin JW, Cornblath DR, Polydefkis M. The spectrum of neuropathy in diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance. Neurology 2003;60(1):108-111.

32. Hughes RA, Umapathi T, Gray IA, et al. A controlled investigation of the cause of chronic idiopathic axonal polyneuropathy. Brain 2004;127(Pt 8):1723-1730.

33. Smith AG, Singleton JR. Peripheral neuropathy and the metabolic syndrome. Annals of Neurology 2005;58(S9):S31.

34. Knowler WC, Barrett-Connor E, Fowler SE, et al. Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin. N Engl J Med 2002;346(6):393-403.

35. McArthur JC, Yiannoutsos C, Simpson DM, et al. A phase II trial of nerve growth factor for sensory neuropathy associated with HIV infection. AIDS Clinical Trials Group Team 291. Neurology 2000;54(5):1080-1088.

36. Hart AM, Wilson AD, Montovani C, et al. Acetyl-l-carnitine: a pathogenesis based treatment for HIV-associated antiretroviral toxic neuropathy. Aids 2004;18(11):1549-1560.

37. Pittenger GL, Simmons K, Anandacoomaraswamy D, Rice A, Barlow P, Vinik A. Topiramate improves intraepidermal nerve fiber morphology and quantitative measures in diabetic neuropathy patients. J Periph Nerv Sys 2005;10(S1):73.

38. Rajan B, Polydefkis M, Hauer P, Griffin JW, McArthur JC. Epidermal reinnervation after intracutaneous axotomy in man. J Comp Neurol 2003;457(1):24-36.

39. Hahn K, Brown A, Hauer P, McArthur J, Polydefkis M. Epidermal reinnervation after mechanical intracutanous axotomy in skin biopsies in normal controls and in people with HIV. Neurology 2005;64(6 S1):A245-A246.

40. Simone DA, Nolano M, Johnson T, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR. Intradermal injection of capsaicin in humans produces degeneration and subsequent reinnervation of epidermal nerve fibers: correlation with sensory function. J Neurosci 1998;18(21): 8947-8959.

41. Nolano M, Simone DA, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Johnson T, Hazen E, Kennedy WR. Topical capsaicin in humans: parallel loss of epidermal nerve fibers and pain sensation. Pain 1999;81(1-2):135-145.

42. Polydefkis M, Sirdofsky M, Hauer P, Petty BG, Murinson BB, McArthur JC. Factors influencing nerve regeneration in a trial of Timcodar dimesylate. Neurology 2006; 66(2):259-261.

43. Polydefkis M, Hauer P, Griffin JW, McArthur JC. Skin biopsy as a tool to assess distal small fiber innervation in diabetic neuropathy. Diabetes Technol Ther 2001;3:23-28.

44. Polydefkis M, Griffin JW, McArthur J. New insights into diabetic polyneuropathy. JAMA 2003;290:1371-1376.

Supplements For Diabetics

Supplements For Diabetics

All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment