E

Encephalopathy, see Diabetic encephalopathy Epalrestat, painful neuropathy management, 357 Epidemiology, diabetic neuropathy amyotrophy and mononeuropathies, 20-22 autonomic neuropathy frequency and risk, 18-20 chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculopathy, 22 diabetes type effects, 26 distal symmetric polyneuropathy incidence and risk factors, 13-18 prevalence and risk factors, 9-13, 243 distal symmetric polyneuropathy incidence and risk factors, 13-18 prevalence and risk factors, 9-13 foot ulcer, 23-26

impaired glucose tolerance as risk factor, 26 principles, 8, 9 prospects for study, 26, 27 Erectile dysfunction diabetic autonomic neuropathy studies in animal models, 160, 161 diabetic neuropathy association, 244 diagnosis, 460 epidemiology, 457, 458 management algorithm, 460, 461 alprostadil, 467, 468 apomorphine, 462, 463 penile prosthesis, 468 phentolamine, 466 sildenafil, 463-466 vacuum devices, 467 vardenafil, 466 yohimbine, 461 physiology and pathophysiology in diabetes, 458-460

Erythromycin, gastroparesis management in diabetes, 441

Erythropoietin, orthostatic hypotension management, 423, 424 Esophageal dysfunction clinical findings and evaluation, 434-436 pathogenesis in diabetes, 434 Extracellular signal-regulated kinase, see Mitogen-activated protein kinase

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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