Further Reading

Adler AI, Ahroni JH, Boyko EJ, Smith DG. Lower-extremity amputation in diabetes. The independent effects of peripheral vascular disease, sensory neuropathy and foot ulcers. Diabetes Care 1999; 22:1029-35. Anderson SP. Dysvascular amputees: what can we expect? J ProsthetOrthot 1995; 7:43-50.

Bowker JH, Michael JW (eds). Atlas of Limb Prosthetics—Surgical, Prosthetic and Rehabilitation Principles, 2nd Edn. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, USA, 1992,429-78.

Cochrane H, Orsi K, Reilly P. Lower limb amputation, Part 3: Prosthetics—a 10-year literature review. Prosthet Orthot Int 2001;25:21-8.

Ebskov LB. Relative mortality in lower limb amputees with diabetes mellitus. Prosthet Orthotlnt 1996; 20:147-52.

Eneroth M. Factors affecting wound healing after major amputation for vascular disease. Prosthet Orthot Int 1999; 23: 195-208.

Gauthier-Gagnon C, Grise M-C, Potvin D. Predisposing factors related to prosthetic use by people with transtibial and trans-femoral amputation. J Prosthet Orthot 1998; 10:99-109.

The Global Lower Extremity Amputation Study Group. Epidemiology of lower extremity amputation in centres in Europe, North America and East Asia. Br J Surg 2000; 87 (3): 328-37.

Ham R, Cotton L. Limb Amputation - From Aetiology to Rehabilitation. Chapman and Hall, London, 1992,103-29.

Hayden S, Evans R, Mcpoil TG et al. The effect of four prosthetic feet on reducing plantar pressures in diabetic amputees. } Prosthet Orthot 2000; 12:92-6.

Levy SW. Stump skin problems of the amputee and the pros-thetist. Orthopädie-TechnikQ2001; 11:5-7.

New JP, McDowell. D, Young RJ. Problem of amputations in patients with newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus. Diabetic Medicine 1998; 15:760-4.

Ng EK, Berbrayer MD, Hunter GA. Transtibial amputation:

preoperative vascular assessment and functional outcome. ]Prosthet Orthot 1996; 8:123-9.

Pecoraro RE, Reiber GE, Burgess EM. Pathways to diabetic limb amputation. Basis for prevention. Diabetes Care 1990; 13: 513-21.

Reiber GE. Epidemiology of foot ulcers and amputations in the diabetic foot. In Bowker JH, Pfeifer MA (eds). Levin and O'Neal's The Diabetic Foot. Mosby, St Louis, USA, 2001, 1332.

Ripley DL, Ericksen JJ, Huang ME. Diabetes mellitus and functional outcome following amputation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1999; 80:1141.

Russek AS. To prescribe a prosthesis or not—that is the question. Newsletter Amputee Clin 1973; 5:1-2.

Schoonmaker L. Rehabilitation and prosthetic intervention. Prosthetic pathways in managing the dysvascular patient. J Prosthet Orthot 1998; 10: 82-4.

Snyder RD, Powers CM, Fontaine C, Perry J. The effect of five prosthetic feet on the gait and loading of the sound limb in dysvascular below-knee amputees. J Rehabil Res Dev 1995; 32: 309-15.

Van Houtum WH, Lavery LA, Armstrong DG. Risk factors for above-knee amputations in diabetes mellitus. South Med ] 1998;91:643-8.

Van Ross ER. After amputation—rehabilitation of the diabetic amputee. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 1997; 87 (7): 332-5.

Weaver FM, Burdi MD, Pinzur MS, Outpatient foot care: correlation to amputation level. Foot Ankle Int 1994; 15: 498-501.

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