There are two types of diabetes: type-1 and type-2. Underlying either form of diabetes is a disorder of insulin production, use, or both. Insulin is a hormone responsible for transporting glucose into cells. When there is excess glucose in the blood, insulin is secreted from the pancreas and signals the liver and muscles to store glucose as glycogen. Insulin also stimulates adipose tissue to store glucose as fat for long-term energy reserves. Insulin receptors are found in all cells throughout the body. In a healthy person, blood glucose levels are extremely stable (Kumar V et al 2005). Normal fasting glucose levels range between 70 and 100 mg/dL.
Type-1 diabetes. Type-1 diabetes, formerly known as insulin-dependent diabetes, is an autoimmune condition that occurs when the body attacks and destroys the cells (called beta cells) that make insulin. Type-1 diabetes accounts for about 5 to 10 percent of cases. Because type-1 diabetics can no longer make insulin, insulin replacement therapy is essential. Type 1 diabetics can benefit from improved diet but will still require insulin. This insulin is usually either by injection or by pump. There was a lot of excitement a few years ago about the possibility of inhaled insulin but that method has proved to be mostly unreliable. There are exciting new possibility of a cure for type 1 diabetes but that is still in the research phase.
Type-2 diabetes. Type-2 diabetes, formerly known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes, occurs when the body is no longer able to use insulin effectively and gradually becomes resistant to its effects. It is a slowly progressing disease that goes through identifiable stages. In the early stages of diabetes, both insulin and glucose levels are elevated (conditions called hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia, respectively). In the later stages, insulin levels are reduced, and blood glucose levels are very elevated. Although few people are aware of this crucial distinction, therapy for type-2 diabetes should be tailored to the stage of the disease. Mainstream thought on type 2 diabetes was it is progressive, meaning once diagnosed; it was just going to get worse. Antidotal evidence is indicating this is not necessarily true. My case is one where most of the symptoms have been reversed. There are others reporting similar results to me. Before we can make such a claim, there needs to be clinical studies involving hundreds if not thousands of type 2 diabetics over a number of years. Such a study is still waiting to be done.
Risk factors for type-2 diabetes include aging, exposure to toxins such as dioxin, obesity, family history, physical inactivity, ethnicity, and impaired glucose metabolism. Type-2 diabetes is also a prominent risk of metabolic syndrome, a constellation of conditions that includes insulin resistance along with hypertension, lipid disorders, and overweight. Type 2 diabetes is the type of diabetes that is growing in epidemic proportions. There is now a new type called type 1 1. It combines elements of both type 1 and type 2
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Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...