Exchange Lists and Nutrition

This chart shows the amounts of carbohydrate, protein, fat, and calories in one serving from each exchange list.

Carbohydrate (grams)

Protein (grams)

Fat (grams)

Calories

Starch/Bread

15

3

trace

80

Medium fat High fat

--

7 7 7

3 5 8

55 75 100

Vegetable

5

2

--

25

Fruit

15

--

--

60

Milk

Skim Low fat Whole

12 12 12

8 8 8

trace 5 8

90 120 150

Fat

--

--

5

45

As you read the exchange lists, you will notice that serving sizes vary for different choices on each list. Because foods are so different, portions are adjusted so that each choice on a list contains the same amount of carbohydrate, protein, fat, and calories.

If one of your favorite foods is not included on any exchange list, ask your dietician about it. You can probably work that food into your meal plan, at least now and then.

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