When counterregulatory hormones are released

As the blood glucose falls, it stimulates release of adrenaline, noradrenaline, glucagon, cortisol, and growth hormone. Adrenaline causes tachycardia with palpitations and tremor. Glucagon released from the pancreatic islet cells stimulates glucose release from the liver. However, in people with diabetes the glucagon response may be blunted or absent and excess insulin inhibits liver glucose release. The 'emergency' hormonal response to hypoglycaemia is called counter-regulation.

Hypoglycaemia could be defined as the blood glucose level at which the body initiates its emergency response. However, this point varies according to the prevailing blood glucose balance in that person. In people with persistently high blood glucose levels, counter-regulation may occur at a blood glucose of 5 mmol/l or higher. This explains why some patients complain that they feel hypo at blood glucose levels not normally regarded as hypoglycaemic. In those whose blood glucose is usually normal, significant counter-regulation may not occur until the glucose is under 2 mmol/l. As patients tend to rely on the autonomic symptoms to warn of hypoglycaemia, they may have little time to act before the falling glucose level incapacitates them.

Supplements For Diabetics

Supplements For Diabetics

All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.

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