Species of Plants Reported to Be Used Traditionally to Treat Diabetes

Order/Family

Apiaceae

Apiaceae

Apiaceae

Apiaceae Araliaceae Araliaceae Araliaceae

Araliaceae

Araliaceae Araliaceae

Araliaceae

Araliaceae

Species

Daucus carota L.

Distribution and Area Traditionally Used

Europe, India Root

Eryngium creticum Jan ex. Middle East Guss.

Ferula assa-foetida L.

Asia, India

Asia

Petroselinum crispum

(Mill) Nyman Acanthopanax senticosus E. Asia

(Rupr. et Maxim) Harms. Acanthopanax sessiliflorum Asia Seem

Aralia chinensis Blume E. Asia

Leaf

Leaf

Bark

Bark

Aralia decaisneana Hance. Asia

Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem E. Asia

Eleutherococcus senticosus America, Maxim Siberia

Panax ginseng C.A. Mey America, E.

Asia

Panax notoginseng (Burk.) Asia F.H. Chen

Part Used Comments about Activity

Extracts have hypoglycemic activity (Marles and Farnsworth, 1995)

Extracts have hypoglycemic activity (Marles and Farnsworth, 1995)

Extracts have hypoglycemic activity (Marles and Farnsworth, 1995)

Reduces blood glucose in STZ-treated rats (Tunali et al., 1999) Senticoside A lowers blood glucose (Sui et al., 1994) Extracts lower blood glucose

(Marles and Farnsworth, 1995) Contains oleanolic acid (Wang et al., 1998), which lowers blood glucose in normal and diabetic mice (Perez et al., 1998b) and inhibits a-amylase (Ali et al., 2002)

Triterpenoids (oleanolic acid and ursolic acid) and their glycosides are active compounds (Lin et al., 2000) and lower blood glucose and cholesterol Decreases levels of cholesterol in rats (Chung and Jung, 2003) Polysaccharides, eleutherans F and G, lower blood sugar level (Wang et al., 2000) Many antidiabetic properties. Saponin ginsenosides Rb1, Rg1 (Lee et al., 1998), Re (Attele et al., 2002), Rg3 (Li et al., 2004), Rb2, (Kitamura et al., 1997) regulate enzymes associated with glucose metabolism. Panaxans and polypeptides also active (Li et al., 2004)

Root Ginsenoside Rg1 lowers plasma glucose (Gong et al., 1991); used to treat diabetic nephropathy (Lang et al., 1998)

Branch bark, root bark

Bark

Root

Root

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